Trauma and Stress


The impact of a critical incident on an individual and an organization can be mitigated or even prevented through proactive pre-crisis stress training and preparedness, front-line counselling, and post-incident support.

Different people will develop different stress reactions even though they were part of the same trauma.

Stress reactions can include:

  • Behavioural (e.g., loss of interest, increased illness, absenteeism, increased conflict with co-workers, tendency to blame…)

  • Physical (e.g., headaches, sleep difficulties, fatigue, chest pains…)

  • Psychological/Emotional (e.g., anger, anxiety, irritability, sadness, self-doubt…)

  • Cognitive (e.g., difficulty making decisions, decreased concentrations, forgetfulness, flashbacks, communication difficulties…)

  • Social (e.g., isolation, blaming, difficulty accepting help…)

Research shows that most people involved in a critical incident (trauma) will develop some stress reactions. The more intense stress reactions can, and often will, interfere with a person’s ability to function properly.


Wellness | Trauma | Stress | Enterprise Risk Mitigation | Business Continuity | Resilience